It's important to take care how you store food, to make sure it's safe to eat.
Food that goes in the fridge
Some food needs to be kept in the fridge to help stop bacteria from growing on it, such as food with a 'use by' date, cooked food and ready-to-eat food such as desserts and cooked meats.
Make sure your fridge is cold enoughYou need to make sure your fridge is cold enough otherwise food poisoning bacteria will still be able to grow. Your fridge should be between 0ºC and 5ºC.
If you’re not sure how the temperature setting or dial works on your fridge, you could use a fridge thermometer to check it’s the right temperature.
Here are a few other fridge tips that you might find useful:
- keep the fridge door closed as much as possible
- wait for food to cool down before you put it in the fridge
- if your fridge is full, turn the temperature down to help keep it cold enough
Keeping food in the fridgeTo help stop bacteria from growing, remember:
- When the label says 'keep refrigerated', make sure you do keep the food in the fridge. If the food isn't labelled with any storage instructions and it's a type of food that goes off quickly, you should put it in the fridge and eat it within two days.
- Some jars and bottles need to be kept in the fridge once they’ve been opened. Always check the label and follow any storage instructions.
- When you're preparing food, keep it out of the fridge for the shortest time possible, especially when the weather (or the room) is warm.
- If you have made some food (such as a sandwich or a cold dish) and you're not going to eat it straight away, keep it in the fridge until you're ready to eat it.
- If you're having a party or making a buffet, leave the food in the fridge until people are ready to eat. Generally, you shouldn't leave food out of the fridge for more than four hours.
- Cool leftovers as quickly as possible (ideally within one to two hours) and then store them in the fridge. Eat any leftovers within two days, except for cooked rice, which you should eat within one day to help avoid food poisoning.
Storing meatIt's especially important to store meat safely to stop bacteria from spreading and to avoid food poisoning.
- Store raw meat and poultry in clean sealed containers on the bottom shelf of the fridge, so they can't touch or drip onto other food.
- Follow any storage instructions on the label and don't eat meat after its 'use by' date.
- When you have cooked meat and you're not going to eat it straight away, cool it as quickly as possible and then put it in the fridge or freezer. Remember to keep cooked meat separate from raw meat.
Keeping food in the freezer
The freezer is a great tool for making sure you’ve always got some food in stock and for helping to avoid wasting food.
You can keep food safely in the freezer for years, in theory, as long as it has stayed frozen the whole time. However, the taste and texture of food changes if it’s frozen for too long, so you might well find that it’s not very nice to eat.
You can check any instructions on food labels or in your freezer’s handbook (if you don’t have this any more, you might be able to find it online) to see how long food should be frozen.
For safety, it's OK to freeze most raw or cooked foods providing you do the following things:
- freeze it before the 'use by' date
- follow any freezing or thawing instructions on the label
- thaw it in the fridge so that it doesn't get too warm. Or, if you intend to cook it as soon as it's defrosted, you could defrost it in a microwave
- try to use it within one to two days after it’s been defrosted – it will go off in the same way as if it were fresh
- cook food until it's steaming hot all the way through
Always clean plates, utensils, surfaces and hands thoroughly, after they have touched raw or thawing meat, to stop bacteria from spreading.
If you defrost raw meat or fish and then cook it thoroughly, you can freeze it again, but remember never reheat foods more than once.
Storing dry food, tins, jars and drinks
Many types of food don't need to be kept in the fridge to keep them safe to eat, for example dry foods such as rice, pasta and flour, many types of drinks, tinned foods, and unopened jars. But it's still important to take care how you store them.
Here are some tips:
- Try to keep food in sealed bags or containers. This helps to keep them fresh and stops anything falling into the food by accident.
- Don't store food or drinks near cleaning products or other chemicals.
- Don't use old food containers to store household chemicals, and don't store food in containers that have been used for other purposes.
- Only reuse plastic water bottles if they’re not damaged and you can clean them.
- Don't store food on the floor, because this can encourage mice, ants and other pests.
- Keep the storage area dry and not too warm.
- Remember that some types of food might need to be kept in the fridge once you’ve opened them – follow any storage instructions on the label.
Tin cansWhen you open a can of food and you're not going to use all the food straight away, empty the food into a bowl, or other container, and put it in the fridge.
Don't store food in an opened tin can, or re-use empty cans to cook or store food. This is because when a can has been opened and the food is open to the air, the tin from the can might transfer more quickly to the can's contents.
This advice doesn't apply to foods sold in cans that have resealable lids, such as golden syrup and cocoa, because these types of food don’t react with the can.
Reducing wasteAbout a third of the food we buy in the UK ends up being thrown away. There are a few simple things we can do to reduce waste, save money and still make sure food is safe. The simplest thing is to try to make sure we don't buy or cook more food than we want to eat.
A lot of food gets thrown away because it is 'out of date'. You shouldn't use any food or drink after the end of the 'use by' date on the label, even if it looks and smells fine. This is because it could put your health at risk. But if you cook or freeze food before the end of the 'use by' date, you can keep it for longer.
'Best before' dates are more about quality than safety, so when this date runs out it doesn't mean that the food will be harmful, but its flavour, colour or texture might begin to deteriorate. So think carefully before throwing away food that is past its ‘best before’ date.
An exception to this is eggs, which have a ‘best before’ date of no more than 28 days after they are laid. After this date the quality of the egg will deteriorate and if any Salmonella bacteria are present, they could multiply to high levels and could make you ill. Eggs can be eaten a day or two after their ‘best before’ date, as long as they are cooked thoroughly as this will kill any bacteria. If you do intend to use an egg after its best before date, make sure that you only use it in dishes where it will be fully cooked, so that both yolk and white are solid, such as in a cake or as a hard-boiled egg.
Cling film and kitchen foil
Cling filmCling film is useful for protecting food but, like many things, it needs to be used correctly.
Not every type of cling film is suitable for using with all foods. Check the description on the box to see what foods it can be used with.
There are three main points to remember when using cling film:
- Don't use cling film if it could melt into the food, such as in the oven or on pots and pans on the hob.
- You can use cling film in the microwave, but make sure the cling film doesn't touch the food.
- Only let cling film touch high-fat foods when the description on the box says the cling film is suitable for this. High-fat foods include some types of cheese, raw meats with a layer of fat, fried meats, pies and pastries, and cakes with butter icing or chocolate coatings.
Kitchen foilKitchen foil, which is made from aluminium, can be useful for wrapping and covering foods. But it's best not to use foil or containers made from aluminium to store foods that are highly acidic, such as:
- many types of soft fruit